Maritime laws, which are also known as admiralty laws, are laws that govern what happens at sea. One of the most important things that maritime law accomplishes is the protection of seamen through the terms of several important acts and laws: the Jones Act, Maintenance and Cure, the Death on the High Seas Act, and the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act.
These two laws provide very specific benefits for those who work in the maritime industry and who are either injured or become ill while performing their occupational duties. Maritime laws insure that the owners and employers of ships are accountable to those who work in their service for any harm that may befall them. A competent maritime lawyer can help to maintain these laws.
The Jones Act
The Jones Act is a law that specifically provides both lost wages and compensation for damages and expenses to a seaman who is injured, becomes sick, or even killed as a result of either negligence or situations where the vessel upon which they were working is deemed to be unseaworthy. Jones Act lawsuits are required to be restricted to things that happen onboard a vessel.
Maintenance and Cure
Maintenance and cure is a benefit for maritime workers no matter whether their injury or illness was their own fault, the fault of a coworker or the fault of their employer or ship owner. It provides for necessary living expenses, including room and board, as well as medical expenses until the employees is able to return to work or has gotten as well as they are going to be able to.
Death on the High Seas Act
When a seaman is killed, the Death on the High Seas Act addresses the needs of those who are left behind. The law provides compensation for loved ones and survivors when it is proven that the death was a result of either negligence or the unseaworthiness of the vessel on which they worked.
Longshore and Harbor Worker’s Compensation Act
Vessels require a great deal of support, ranging from being initially built, to repairs and maintenance, to loading and offloading their cargo. There are many workers who provide these valuable services but who do not actually work on a vessel. They are protected in the case of injury, illness or death by the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act, which requires that medical expenses and lost wages be paid by their employer.